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SyberWorks Learning and Performance Glossary


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Naming: a thinking skill that requires the student to label and identify objects or concepts by name. A specific form of naming, known as "rapid automatized" naming, is used as an assessment of learners' ability to acquire literacy skills.

Narrowband: 1) a network in which data transmission speeds range from 50 bytes per second to 64 Kbps 2) a limited range of frequencies in data transmission.

Navigation: moving from website to website on the World Wide Web or an online site that may not be part of the World Wide Web, including an intranet site or an online course. 2) a web site's or course's information architecture that enables users to steer their way though the site.

Needs Assessment: a logical process for shaping goals, determining discrepancies between optimal and actual performance, and establishing priorities for action.

Negative Brainstorming: before completing an activity or project, participants propose things NOT to do or ideas that are NOT examples.

Nesting: placing documents within other documents, to allow users to access material in a nonlinear way. This is a primary requirement for developing hypertext.

Net: common nickname for the Internet.

Netiquette: Internet etiquette; best demonstrated when sending email, chatting, posting messages, and using limited resources. For example, using capital letters in emails is often interpreted as shouting, and is usually "bad netiquette."

Netscape Navigator: browser software that enables users to view web pages. Other examples of browsers are Opera, Internet Explorer, Firefox, etc.

Network: a set of computers and peripheral devices (for example, printers, servers and storage devices) connected to allow users to share information and communicate with one another.

Newsgroup: an information-discussion forum on the Usenet network where notes about specific topics are forwarded and shared with the group.

Nominal Group Technique: a formal technique for team problem-solving in a way that encourages all members to participate.

Non-Examples: a technique used in direct instruction to help learners distinguish between related ideas.

Non-Instructional Solution: any teaching method for reducing students' performance variations through means other than the direct imparting of knowledge; some ways include motivational, environmental, systemic, and through application of equipment.

Note-Taking: the recording of information presented by a teacher, to reinforce understanding by the student. Notes are often unstructured and informal, and are useful when studying for exams.

Novelty: a motivational technique used to engage students early in instruction through the sharing of something unusual with the intent of arousing curiosity.

Nutshelling: a form of summarization that asks students to create brief statements that capture the essence of all that has been written to that point.

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Waltham, MA 02452

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