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SyberWorks Learning and Performance Glossary


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Flow Charts: graphical depictions of processes or relationships. Typically flow charts include icons showing particular processes or steps, and arrows indicating paths.

Focused Imagining: a form of guided imagery, where the teacher leads students to form mental images. Can be done either through written directions or step-by-step oral directions.

Footprint: 1) the regions to which a communications satellite can transmit. 2) the floor or desk space occupied by a piece of computer equipment.

Force Field Analysis: a decision-making tool in which forces for and against a plan are considered and evaluated.

Forced Relationships: a variant of the Forced Analogy approach to generating solutions to problems. In Forced Relationships, objects are paired with seemingly unrelated tasks, and students are forced to use the unrelated objects to accomplish the tasks. For example, students might be told to water flowers in a windowsill box with water from a sink across the room, using only a flashlight and a piece of paper. Possible solutions could be to 1) disassemble the flashlight (placing its parts on the paper) and then using the handle as a cup to carry water, or 2) folding the paper into a temporary cup for quickly carrying the water.

Forecasting: a kind of extrapolation in which current trends (such as, in the weather or the economy) are analyzed, and predictions are made about future events based on those trends.

Formations: some types of information can be illustrated by having groups of students stand in certain positions, to make shapes representing answers. If the answer is a "2," for example, students might stand to form the number. In Formations, the teacher asks a series of questions, all of which have "formable" answers, then the students create the answers through their positions and movements.

Formative Evaluation: gathering information on the adequacy of an instructional product or program and using this information as a basis for further development (Seels and Richey, 1994, p. 128).

Formulas: mathematical expressions using symbols to represents real-world quantities. Students can generate, use, or solve problems with formulas.

Forum: a panel in which members talk freely with the audience.

Four Corners: label the four corners of the room with "Strongly Disagree, Disagree, Agree, Strongly Agree." Read a controversial statement and have students write on a piece of paper whether they agree, strongly disagree, disagree, agree, or strongly agree with the statement. When all are finished writing, have students go to the corner representing their point of view. All students sharing a point of view then work together to collect evidence for, and present an argument supporting, their beliefs.

Frames: an HTML feature that allows a web author to divide a page into two or more separate windows. Each frame requires a <title > element, though the <title > element may not be meaningful, causing accessibility issues. Also, some browsers do not support frames. For these accesibility reasons, frames should be avoided.

Frayer Model: a vocabulary development tool in which students use a graphic organizer to categorize their knowledge about a word.

Free Association: creativity technique similar to brainstorming.

Free Write and Share: students write in response to some stimulus (music, topic oriented, question oriented), then share their writing with the class.

Freewriting: a timed activity to stimulate the flow of ideas and words. Students are given a topic and must write everything they can think of about the topic. The rules are that students must not stop writing, even if they "run out of things to say," and they may not do any editing or criticism during the writing. After the time is up, you can either read the writing aloud, or scan what you have written and pull out ideas or phrases you can use.

Frequency: related to the space between waves in a signal or the amount of time between waves that are passing a stationary point.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol): an Internet protocol for transferring files between two computers, using their IP addresses. Most browsers incorporate FTP software to download and upload files, though FTP also can be used to access computers remotely.

Full-Motion Video: a signal showing the complete action taking place at a sending site.

Fully Interactive Video (Two-Way Interactive Video): two sites interacting with audio and video as if they were co-located.

Functional Context Training: a model of instruction that works from simple, familiar tasks and proceeds to more complex tasks, with ample opportunities for practice.

Fundamental Research Skills: skills that are basic to scientific investigation, including the design of exploratory studies and field tests, instrument design, data collection, and the interpretation and analysis of qualitative and quantitative data.

Fussing with Definitions: a formal, cooperative method for rewriting definitions.

Fuzzy: a goal that is important, but abstract or intangible.

Fuzzy Logic: many statements are not true or false but lie somewhere in between. To assign values to such statements, false = 0, true = 1, and fuzzy statements can fall anywhere on the continuum between 0 and 1. Also known as Fuzzy Thinking.

Fuzzy Thinking: many statements are not true or false but lie somewhere in between. To assign values to such statements, false = 0, true = 1, and fuzzy statements can fall anywhere on the continuum between 0 and 1. Also known as Fuzzy Logic.

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